Most people will develop gum disease at some point during their lives. If you are beginning to experience symptoms like bleeding gums, loose teeth, loss of gum tissue, and more, Darien Dental Associates is here to help! Our team in Darien, CT, can help treat gum disease by performing regular deep cleaning procedures to arrest the spread of the disease — and sometimes, even reverse it. Book an appointment online or call today to get started!
What Is Gum Disease?
Gum disease is a chronic condition that occurs when plaque buildup on the teeth causes inflammation of the gums. Gum disease, also known as periodontitis, can cause serious health problems if left untreated. Gingivitis is one type of gum disease and it is characterized by swollen and red gums. This mild form of gum disease can often be reversed with proper oral care. However, if left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, a more serious form of the disease.
Periodontitis is a leading cause of tooth loss in adults and can also increase your risk of other health problems, such as heart disease and stroke.
Gum disease is caused by plaque buildup and can result from failing to practice healthy oral care habits. Plaque forms on the teeth when food, bacteria and saliva mix on your teeth. If not removed regularly by brushing and flossing, plaque will harden into tartar — a harder substance that can only be removed by a dental professional.
Certain factors can increase your chances of gum disease. Risk factors include smoking, pregnancy, diabetes and kidney disease. Additionally, people with weak immune systems or certain diseases are more susceptible to the bacteria that cause periodontitis. Good oral hygiene is essential in preventing gum disease in all individuals.
What Are the Symptoms of Gum Disease?
Symptoms of gum disease include swollen or tender gums, bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth, red or tender gums, receding gums, loose teeth, and tooth loss.
It’s not always easy to tell if you have gum disease. Many people don’t know that they have it until serious damage has occurred. Everyone should visit the dentist regularly, starting with a first dental checkup at age one. Here are some things to watch for:
- Bleeding gums
- Red or swollen gums
- Loose teeth
- Tooth pain when you chew
- Receding gums that look longer than the tooth
What Is Gum Disease Therapy?
There are many things that can cause tooth decay, but there is one thing that is responsible for the majority of tooth cavity problems: bacteria. Bacteria are everywhere; in our food, on our skin, and even in our mouths. If not removed, these bacteria will continue to grow and reproduce, producing acid as a byproduct. This acid eats away at the hard enamel on our teeth, causing cavities and other dental problems — like gum disease and the loss of gum tissue.
One way to combat gum disease is by using a technique called scaling and root planing. This procedure is used to remove plaque and calculus (tartar) from the teeth, as well as from the roots of the teeth. It can be done either manually or with an ultrasonic scaler. Manual scaling is done with instruments that look like tiny metal shovels. Ultrasonic scaling uses high-frequency sound waves to break up plaque and tartar.
Root planing is a procedure that is used to smooth the roots of the teeth. This makes it difficult for bacteria to attach to the roots and causes them to be less likely to produce acid and cause tooth decay.
Ready to Get Your Gums in Shape?
Scheduling an appointment today by booking online or giving us a call!